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The anatomy of the first dorsal interosseous muscle, with particular reference to its vascular and nerve supply, was studied in ten fresh cadaveric hands. A constant dorsal and palmar blood supply is identified from four major branches of the radial artery and deep palmar arch. The ulnar nerve innervates the muscle in a pattern that parallels the palmar blood supply. This information provides a basis for the use of the muscle as a local transposition flap.
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Accepted: December 17, 1985
Received: March 18, 1985
© 1986 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.