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Six cases of brachial plexus injury within the brachial sheath are reported following axillary-brachial arteriography. Direct compression resulted from leakage of arterial blood into the space formed by the fascial sheath. In one, hemorrhage occurred several days after arteriotomy. Early decompression and arteriorrhaphy resulted in restoration of normal function. Permanent nerve damage resulted when surgical decompression was delayed.
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Received in revised form: May 4, 1977
Received: February 7, 1977
© 1978 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.