Research Article| Volume 1, ISSUE 3, P181-189, December 1976

Patterns of neuromuscular activity following tendon transfer in the upper limb: A preliminary study

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
      Early results of a continuing study of the electrical activity of muscles after transfer, with an integrated system of electromyographic and video tape recording, recorded motions of the simple voluntary type, mostly with isometric contractions. A triceps-to-biceps transfer showed activity in the new motion one day after operation. A partial transfer of the pectoralis major (Clark) demonstrated isolated activity of the transfer after one year. A superficialis transfer to clawed ring and little fingers functioned to flex the metacarpophalangeal joints and to extend the interphalangeal joints. Transfer of superficialis to finger extensors showed that antagonists acted to provide unresisted extension. The original phasic activity of a muscle was retained in a study of extensor indicis proprius to thumb for opposition. New phasic activity was shown in transfer of extensor carpi radialis longus to digital flexors. In two instances of transfer of spastic wrist flexors to wrist extensors, the original phasic activity was retained, but in only one was the function assumed by the transfer even though wrist extension was improved.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Hand Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Duchenne G.B.
        Physiology of motion. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia1959 (translated by Kaplan, E. B.)
        • Inman V.T.
        • Saunders J. B
        • de C.M.
        • Abbott L.C.
        Observation of the function of the shoulder joint.
        J. Bone Joint Surg. 1944; 26: 1
        • Basmajian J.V.
        Muscles alive, Their Functions Revealed by Electromyography. ed. 2. The Williams & Wilkins Company., Baltimore1967
        • Long C.
        II: Normal and abnormal motor control in the upper extremities—a medical engineering study, Part I.
        Electromyographic kinesiology of the hand, wrist and shoulder. Case Western Reserve University, 1970
        • Close J.R.
        Thomas Charles C Functional anatomy of the extremities. Charles C Thomas, Publisher., Springfield, Ill.1973
        • Scott R.M.
        • Thompson G.B.
        An improved bipolar wire electrode for EMG.
        Med. Biol. Eng. 1969; Vol. 7: 677
        • Rasch P.J.
        • Burke
        Kinesiology and applied anatomy. 1963;