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- Effect of Race and Geography on Patient- and Parent-Reported Quality of Life for Children With Congenital Upper Limb DifferencesJournal of Hand SurgeryVol. 48Issue 3
- PreviewPatient beliefs about health and disability are shaped by many social factors and are a key determinant in their ultimate outcome. We hypothesized that pediatric and parent-reported outcome measures regarding a child’s congenital upper limb difference will be affected by geographic location, parent education, sex, ethnicity, race, age, and presence of additional medical comorbidities.