Pigmented nail lesions are challenging problems. The differential diagnosis is broad and ranges from common self-limiting conditions, such as subungual hematoma and infection, to potentially fatal conditions, such as subungual melanoma. Clinical assessment and adjuncts, such as dermoscopy and imaging, are usually insufficient to establish a diagnosis, and a nail bed biopsy is often required. However, this is not an innocuous procedure and may result in permanent nail deformity. In addition, subjecting every patient with nail pigmentation to a biopsy will result in an unacceptably high rate of negative test results.