Editor's Choice| Volume 47, ISSUE 12, P1137-1145, December 2022

Moving Minor Hand Surgeries Out of the Operating Room and Into the Office-Based Procedure Room: A Population-Based Trend Analysis

Published:October 28, 2022DOI:


      Our primary purpose was to quantify the proportion of minor hand surgeries performed in the procedure room (PR) setting in a population-based cohort. Given the increase in the literature that has emerged since the mid-2000s highlighting the benefits of the PR setting, we hypothesized that a trend analysis would reveal increased utilization over time.


      We used the 2006–2017 MarketScan Commercial Database to identify adults who underwent isolated minor hand surgeries performed in PR and operation room surgical settings in the United States. The Cochran-Armitage trends test was used to determine whether the proportion of all procedures (PR + operation room) changed over time.


      A total of 257,581 surgeries were included in the analysis, of which 24,966 (11.5%) were performed in the PR. There was an increase in the overall number of surgeries under study as well as increased utilization of the PR setting for open carpal tunnel release, trigger digit release, DeQuervain release, hand or finger mass excision, and hand or finger cyst excision. The magnitude of the increases in PR utilization was small: between 2006 and 2017, the PR utilization increased by 1.4% for open carpal tunnel release, 5.4% for trigger digit release, 2.9% for DeQuervain release, 10.1% for hand or finger mass excision, and 6.5% for hand or finger cyst excision.


      Despite the published benefits of the PR setting, we observed that the majority of these 5 common minor hand surgeries are performed in the operation room setting. Between 2006 and 2017, the office-based PR utilization increased slightly. The identification of barriers to PR utilization is needed to improve the value of care.

      Type of study/level of evidence

      Therapeutic II.

      Key words

      JHS Podcast

      December 1, 2022

      JHS Podcast Episode 81

      Dr. Graham interviews Drs. Dustin Randall and Nik Kazmers about their article “Moving Minor Hand Surgeries out of the Operating Room and Into the Office-Based Procedure Room: A Population-Based Trend Analysis”, which appears in the December 2022 issue of the Journal of Hand Surgery.

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