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Evaluation of the PROMIS Upper Extremity Against Validated Patient-Reported Outcomes in Patients With Early Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis

      Purpose

      Internal consistency, construct, and criterion validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) upper extremity (UE) v1.2 were evaluated in patients with early-stage carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA). We hypothesized that in patients with early CMC OA, PROMIS UE scores would: (1) be lower than those in asymptomatic controls; (2) correlate with established patient-reported outcomes; (3) correlate with pinch and grip strengths; and (4) not correlate with radiographic disease progression.

      Methods

      Patients with early CMC OA (modified Eaton stage 0 or 1) and matched asymptomatic control patients completed the PROMIS UE, Australian and Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index, and Patient-Rated Wrist-Hand Evaluation at 2 time points. The PROMIS UE’s internal consistency was evaluated by Cronbach’s alpha, construct validity by Spearman correlation coefficients among the patient-reported outcome measures, and criterion validity using measures of strength. A floor or ceiling effect was indicated if more than 15% of patients achieved the lowest or highest possible score.

      Results

      The PROMIS UE had high internal consistency. Patients with early CMC OA had a lower score than healthy controls (average, 42 vs 54, respectively). We observed moderate to high correlations between the PROMIS UEv1.2, Australian and Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index, and Patient-Rated Wrist-Hand Evaluation and good criterion validity when compared to key pinch and grip strengths. The PROMIS UE did not correlate to radiographic disease severity.

      Conclusions

      The PROMIS UE had a high correlation with Australian and Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index and a moderate correlation with Patient-Rated Wrist-Hand Evaluation. The PROMIS UE had high internal consistency and good criterion validity.

      Clinical relevance

      The PROMIS UE is a valid assessment for disability in patients with early CMC OA and can serve as a clinical adjunct to an outcome assessment.

      Key words

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