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        • Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries in Throwing Athletes: Diagnosis and Management
          Journal of Hand SurgeryVol. 47Issue 3
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            Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries of the elbow are common in overhead throwing athletes. With throwing, the elbow experiences substantial valgus stress and repetitive microtrauma can lead to injury. Increasing rates of injury among both youth and professional throwers has resulted in a “UCL epidemic.” Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (“Tommy John Surgery”) became a part of the public consciousness after Tommy John returned to professional baseball after a UCL reconstruction with Dr Frank Jobe for what was once considered a career-ending injury.
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