Pediatric Ganglions of the Hand and Wrist: A Review of Current Literature

Published:February 22, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2021.12.015
      The etiology, epidemiology, and treatment outcomes of ganglions in children have not been studied in depth. Most research has mainly focused on adults with this condition, with some research suggesting differing epidemiology and outcomes in the pediatric population. This review focuses on the existing literature on pediatric ganglions of the hand and wrist, highlighting 17 studies focused on prevalence and treatment outcomes. Within the pediatric population, epidemiology and outcomes differ depending on patient age. In children aged <10 years, cysts present on the volar aspect of the wrist and are generally amenable to observation, with spontaneous regression. For patients aged >10 years, ganglions resemble those in the adult population and present on the dorsal aspect of the wrist. Open surgical excision demonstrates a relatively low recurrence rate with minimal complications and is currently recommended for treatment.

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