The Hand in Distal Arthrogryposis

Published:February 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2021.10.027
      Distal arthrogryposis is the second most common type of arthrogryposis after amyoplasia and is defined as arthrogryposis that affects hands and feet; it is mostly inherited in an autosomal-dominant fashion. This review discusses up-to-date background information, clinical features, and treatment of distal arthrogryposis in hands concentrating on camptodactyly, thumb-in-palm deformity, and windblown hand deformity, which are the most common and functionally limiting deformities. Treating these deformities should be individualized and follow a multidisciplinary approach. Most deformities can be initially treated nonoperatively, and if not responsive, operative treatment may be pursued to improve function. Surgery primarily aims to release soft-tissue contractures, rebalance muscle forces, and may need bony correction based on the deficits of each case. Current literature suggests that early treatment leads to better outcomes. However, reported cases are scarce, and no consensus or gold standard for treatment exists. Therefore, long-term (multicenter) studies are needed to assess outcomes and standardize the treatment of such deformities whenever possible.

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