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Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid Arthrodesis: Systematic Review

Published:January 12, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2021.09.029

      Purpose

      Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) arthrodesis surgery is used for various types of wrist pathologies. The objective of our study was to perform a systematic review of complications and outcomes after STT arthrodesis.

      Methods

      Several major databases were used to perform a systematic literature review in order to obtain articles reporting complications and outcomes following STT arthrodesis. The primary purpose was to identify rates of nonunion and conversion to total wrist arthrodesis. Secondary outcomes included wrist range of motion, grip strength, and Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder and Hand scores. A multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate factors associated with the primary and secondary outcomes of interest.

      Results

      Out of the 854 records identified in the primary literature search, 30 studies were included in the analysis. A total of 1,429 procedures were performed for 1,404 patients. The pooled nonunion rate was 6.3% (95% CI, 3.5–9.9) and the rate of conversion to total wrist arthrodesis following the index STT was 4.2% (95% CI, 2.2–6.7). The mean pooled wrist flexion was 40.7° (95% CI, 30.8–50.5) and extension was 49.7° (95% CI, 43.5–55.8). At final follow-up, the mean pooled grip strength was 75.9% (95% CI, 69.3–82.5) of the nonsurgical contralateral hand. Compared with all other known indications, Kienbock disease had a statistically significant lower nonunion rate (14.1% vs 3.3%, respectively). Mixed-effects linear regression using patient-level data revealed that increasing age was significantly associated with complications, independent of occupation and diagnosis.

      Conclusions

      Our study demonstrated a low failure rate and conversion to total wrist arthrodesis after STT arthrodesis and acceptable postoperative wrist range of motion and strength when compared to the contralateral hand.

      Type of study/level of evidence

      Therapeutic IV.

      Key words

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