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The Prognostic Value of Preoperative Patient-Reported Function and Psychological Characteristics on Early Outcomes Following Trapeziectomy With Ligament Reconstruction Tendon Interposition for Treatment of Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis

Published:February 13, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2019.11.016

      Purpose

      Biopsychosocial factors are associated with patient-reported upper extremity disability; however, their impact on postoperative outcomes remains less clear. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that high levels of preoperative patient-reported upper extremity and psychological disability are associated with lower magnitudes of improvement following trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction tendon interposition (LRTI).

      Methods

      Adult patients undergoing LRTI by fellowship-trained hand surgeons between February 2014 and March 2017 were considered for inclusion. Patient-reported outcomes were collected by tablet computer, including the shortened Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH), Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pain Interference (PI) Computer Adaptive Test (CAT), PROMIS Depression CAT, and PROMIS Anxiety CAT. Univariate and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with QuickDASH improvement.

      Results

      Of 119 included patients, the mean age was 62.7 ± 7.2 years and 74% were women. At a mean of 14 weeks after surgery, the QuickDASH improved by a mean of –10 ± 20 points. The QuickDASH improvement was significantly greater for patients with preoperative QuickDASH scores greater than the median (score change, –19 ± 20) versus those at or below the median (–2 ± 16), and for patients with preoperative PI CAT scores greater than the median (–17 ± 21) versus at or below the median (–4 ± 17). No differences were observed between groups when Anxiety or Depression CAT baseline scores were similarly dichotomized. Multivariable modelling revealed that higher preoperative QuickDASH scores were associated with greater improvement on the QuickDASH; however, no association was observed for preoperative PI CAT, Depression CAT, and Anxiety CAT scores.

      Conclusions

      Patients with higher levels of preoperative upper extremity disability experienced more improvement in the early postoperative period following LRTI. Baseline pain interference, depression, and anxiety were not associated with early outcomes. These findings may be useful when identifying patients who may experience the most functional improvement in the immediate postoperative period following LRTI.

      Type of study/level of evidence

      Prognostic IV.

      Key words

      JHS Podcast

      June 1, 2020

      JHS Podcast Episode 51

      Dr. Graham interviews Drs. Nik Kazmers and Andy Tyser on their paper “The Prognostic Value of Preoperative Patient-Reported Function and Psychological Characteristics on Early Outcomes Following Trapeziectomy With Ligament Reconstruction Tendon Interposition for Treatment of Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis”, which is the lead article in the June 2020 issue of the Journal of Hand Surgery.

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