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- Anatomy, Etiology, and Management of Scapular WingingJournal of Hand SurgeryVol. 44Issue 4
- PreviewScapular winging is a painful and debilitating condition. The composite scapular motion of rotation, abduction, and tilting is necessary for proper shoulder function. Weakness or loss of scapular mechanics can lead to difficulties with elevation of the arm and lifting objects. The most common causes reported in the literature for scapular winging are dysfunction of the serratus anterior from long thoracic nerve injury causing medial winging or dysfunction of the trapezius from spinal accessory nerve injury causing lateral winging.