To investigate the radiographic and clinical results of arthroscopic distal scaphoid resection for isolated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) osteoarthritis and analyze the radiographic parameters associated with the functional outcomes.
From 2008 to 2014, 17 wrists with symptomatic isolated STT osteoarthritis without carpal deformity underwent arthroscopic distal scaphoid resection. We evaluated visual analog scale (VAS) scores for pain, grip strength, pinch strength, and Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) scores before surgery and at the final follow-up. We analyzed correlations between the resection height and the radiographic and functional outcomes.
The average follow-up period was 42 months. The average VAS score improved from 6.1 ± 2.3 before surgery to 1.7 ± 1.9 after surgery. The average grip strength improved from 18 ± 6 to 19 ± 9 kg, pinch strength from 2.5 ± 1.1 to 4.4 ± 1.7 kg, and PRWE score from 52 ± 23 to 32 ± 24. Carpal deformity (C-L angle of > 15°) was seen in 2 patients at the final follow-up. The deformity was more likely to occur when the resection height was greater than 3 mm.
Arthroscopic distal scaphoid resection alone can reduce pain and improve functional outcomes for early to mid-stage isolated STT osteoarthritis in patients without dorsal intercalated segment instability deformity. Resection of greater than 3 mm of the distal scaphoid may result in carpal malalignment.
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Published online: July 26, 2018
Accepted: June 22, 2018
Received: December 26, 2017
No benefits in any form have been received or will be received related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.
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