American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS)
ABOS Web Based Longitudinal Assessment Program
2023 Knowledge Sources
Please publish your next paper open access in Journal of Hand Surgery Global Online (JHS GO).
Perioperative Management of Immunosuppressive Medications for Rheumatoid ArthritisOperations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are complicated by the fact that most drugs used in medical management have immunosuppressive mechanisms of action, including corticosteroids and conventional synthetic and biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. In deciding to continue or discontinue these medications perioperatively, surgeons must weigh the relative risk of infection from immunosuppression against the risk of rheumatoid arthritis symptom flares from reduced medical disease control.
Distal Radius Fracture Clinical Practice Guidelines–Updates and Clinical ImplicationsThe American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Society for Surgery of the Hand released updated Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2020 on the evaluation and treatment of acute distal radius fractures. Following a rigorous methodology designed and implemented through the AAOS, 7 guidelines based upon the best available evidence were released to assist surgeons and physicians managing distal radius fractures. These guidelines can serve as a reference for surgeons when managing patients with distal radius fractures.
The Lumbricals Are Not the Workhorse of Digital Extension and Do Not Relax Their Own AntagonistThat the lumbrical muscles are the workhorse of digital extension and that they can relax their own antagonist have been time-honored principles. However, we believe this dogma is incorrect and an oversimplification. We base our assertion on anatomy, innervation, and the notion that muscle architecture is the most important determinant of muscle function. Wang and colleagues proposed the lumbrical to be a sophisticated tension monitoring device. We elaborate on their well-supported thesis, further proposing that the lumbricals also function as a constant tension spring within the closed loop composed of the digital flexors and the extensor mechanism.
Distal Radius MalunionMalunion remains the most common complication of nonsurgical treatment of fractures of the distal radius and represents a common clinical entity. Symptomatic treatment often involves corrective osteotomy. Surgical correction is a challenging problem with unpredictable clinical outcomes. Prevention of malunion of a distal radius fracture is the best course of action. With maintenance of volar cortical contact and the use of volar fixed-angle devices, bone grafting may not be necessary in certain cases of malunion correction.
Pyogenic Flexor Tenosynovitis: Evaluation and Treatment StrategiesPyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT)is a potentially devastating closed-space infection of the flexor tendon sheath of the hand that can result in considerable morbidity. Management of PFT, regardless of the pathogen, includes prompt administration of empirical intravenous antibiotics and often surgical treatment. However, currently, there is no standardized treatment algorithm for PFT in regards to the need for, timing, or type of surgical treatment. Many utilize a combination of surgical decompression and sheath irrigation.