American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS)
ABOS Web Based Longitudinal Assessment Program
2023 Knowledge Sources
Please publish your next paper open access in Journal of Hand Surgery Global Online (JHS GO).
- Distal radius fractures are common and often treated surgically with a volar plate. A complication of volar plating includes tendonitis or rupture of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon. We hypothesize that failure to restore the volar tilt of the distal radius results in increased pressure on the FPL tendon.
- The aim of this study was to evaluate electrodiagnostic studies and clinical outcomes after carpal tunnel release surgery in moderate and severe cases of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).
- We analyzed patient demographic factors involved in the development of nonmarinum, nontuberculous mycobacterial infections (NTMI) involving the upper extremity, and assessed diagnostic and prognostic values of commonly used preoperative laboratory and imaging studies, as well as factors related to recurrence of disease and patient outcomes.
- Operations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are complicated by the fact that most drugs used in medical management have immunosuppressive mechanisms of action, including corticosteroids and conventional synthetic and biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. In deciding to continue or discontinue these medications perioperatively, surgeons must weigh the relative risk of infection from immunosuppression against the risk of rheumatoid arthritis symptom flares from reduced medical disease control.
- The approach to the treatment of enchondromas of the hand is varied, and there is no clear consensus on graft source, fixation, or need for intraoperative adjuvant therapy. We reviewed a cohort of patients who underwent curettage and bone grafting with cancellous allograft chips without internal fixation or adjuvant therapy and reported on postoperative range of motion (ROM) and recurrence rates.
- The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Society for Surgery of the Hand released updated Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2020 on the evaluation and treatment of acute distal radius fractures. Following a rigorous methodology designed and implemented through the AAOS, 7 guidelines based upon the best available evidence were released to assist surgeons and physicians managing distal radius fractures. These guidelines can serve as a reference for surgeons when managing patients with distal radius fractures.
- Patients undergoing surgery for trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint arthritis require preoperative counseling on the expectations of surgery. This study aims to document the objective and functional recovery over the initial 12 months following trapeziectomy and ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition (LRTI).
- This study presents patient demographics, injury characteristics, outcomes, and complications associated with dorsal bridge plating (DBP) in the treatment of distal radius fractures.
- That the lumbrical muscles are the workhorse of digital extension and that they can relax their own antagonist have been time-honored principles. However, we believe this dogma is incorrect and an oversimplification. We base our assertion on anatomy, innervation, and the notion that muscle architecture is the most important determinant of muscle function. Wang and colleagues proposed the lumbrical to be a sophisticated tension monitoring device. We elaborate on their well-supported thesis, further proposing that the lumbricals also function as a constant tension spring within the closed loop composed of the digital flexors and the extensor mechanism.
- Although fifth metacarpal neck fractures are typically treated nonsurgically, most often with closed reduction and orthosis immobilization, cast immobilization may not improve outcomes compared with buddy taping without reduction. The aim of this study was to compare functional outcomes of buddy taping versus reduction and cast immobilization in patients with fifth metacarpal neck fractures.
- Malunion remains the most common complication of nonsurgical treatment of fractures of the distal radius and represents a common clinical entity. Symptomatic treatment often involves corrective osteotomy. Surgical correction is a challenging problem with unpredictable clinical outcomes. Prevention of malunion of a distal radius fracture is the best course of action. With maintenance of volar cortical contact and the use of volar fixed-angle devices, bone grafting may not be necessary in certain cases of malunion correction.
- To determine the risk for infection in trigger finger release surgery after preoperative corticosteroid injection.
- The aims of our study were to evaluate the rates and predictors of reinterventions and direct costs of 3 common treatments of Dupuytren contractures—needle aponeurotomy, collagenase injection, and surgical fasciectomy.
- Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT)is a potentially devastating closed-space infection of the flexor tendon sheath of the hand that can result in considerable morbidity. Management of PFT, regardless of the pathogen, includes prompt administration of empirical intravenous antibiotics and often surgical treatment. However, currently, there is no standardized treatment algorithm for PFT in regards to the need for, timing, or type of surgical treatment. Many utilize a combination of surgical decompression and sheath irrigation.